Response objects

The response object specifies the following properties:

  • body: Buffer | string

    Response body as a string or buffer. Can be set directly or using some of the response methods.

  • context: Context

    The service context in which the router was mounted (rather than the context in which the route was defined).

  • headers: object

    The raw headers object.

  • statusCode: number

    Status code of the response. Defaults to 200 (body set and not an empty string or buffer) or 204 (otherwise) if not changed from undefined.

attachment

res.attachment([filename]): this

Sets the content-disposition header to indicate the response is a downloadable file with the given name.

Note: This does not actually modify the response body or access the file system. To send a file from the file system see the download or sendFile methods.

Arguments

  • filename: string (optional)

    Name of the downloadable file in the response body.

    If present, the extension of the filename will be used to set the response content-type if it has not yet been set.

Returns the response object.

res.cookie(name, value, [options]): this

Sets a cookie with the given name.

Arguments

  • name: string

    Name of the cookie.

  • value: string

    Value of the cookie.

  • options: object (optional)

    An object with any of the following properties:

    • secret: string (optional)

      Secret that will be used to sign the cookie.

      If a secret is specified, the cookie's signature will be stored in a second cookie with the same options, the same name and the suffix .sig. Otherwise no signature will be added.

    • algorithm: string (Default: "sha256")

      Algorithm that will be used to sign the cookie.

    • ttl: number (optional)

      Time to live of the cookie.

    • path: number (optional)

      Path of the cookie.

    • domain: number (optional)

      Domain of the cookie.

    • secure: number (Default: false)

      Whether the cookie should be marked as secure (i.e. HTTPS/SSL-only).

    • httpOnly: boolean (Default: false)

      Whether the cookie should be marked as HTTP-only.

If a string is passed instead of an options object it will be interpreted as the secret option.

If a number is passed instead of an options object it will be interpreted as the ttl option.

Returns the response object.

download

res.download(path, [filename]): this

The equivalent of calling res.attachment(filename).sendFile(path).

Arguments

  • path: string

    Path to the file on the local filesystem to be sent as the response body.

  • filename: string (optional)

    Filename to indicate in the content-disposition header.

    If omitted the path will be used instead.

Returns the response object.

getHeader

res.getHeader(name): string

Gets the value of the header with the given name.

Arguments

  • name: string

    Name of the header to get.

Returns the value of the header or undefined.

json

res.json(data): this

Sets the response body to the JSON string value of the given data.

Arguments

  • data: any

    The data to be used as the response body.

Returns the response object.

redirect

res.redirect([status], path): this

Redirects the response by setting the response location header and status code.

Arguments

  • status: number | string (optional)

    Response status code to set.

    If the status code is the string value "permanent" it will be treated as the value 301.

    If the status code is a string it will be converted to a numeric status code using the statuses module first.

    If the status code is omitted but the response status has not already been set, the response status will be set to 302.

  • path: string

    URL to set the location header to.

Returns the response object.

removeHeader

res.removeHeader(name): this

Removes the header with the given name from the response.

Arguments

  • name: string

    Name of the header to remove.

Returns the response object.

send

res.send(data, [type]): this

Sets the response body to the given data with respect to the response definition for the response's current status code.

Arguments

  • data: any

    The data to be used as the response body. Will be converted according the response definition for the response's current status code (or 200) in the following way:

    If the data is an ArangoDB result set, it will be converted to an array first.

    If the response definition specifies a model with a forClient method, that method will be applied to the data first. If the data is an array and the response definition has the multiple flag set, the method will be applied to each entry individually instead.

    Finally the data will be processed by the response type handler to conver the response body to a string or buffer.

  • type: string (Default: "auto")

    Content-type of the response body.

    If set to "auto" the first MIME type specified in the response definition for the response's current status code (or 200) will be used instead.

    If set to "auto" and no response definition exists, the MIME type will be determined the following way:

    If the data is a buffer the MIME type will be set to binary (application/octet-stream).

    If the data is an object the MIME type will be set to JSON and the data will be converted to a JSON string.

    Otherwise the MIME type will be set to HTML and the data will be converted to a string.

Returns the response object.

sendFile

res.sendFile(path, [options]): this

Sends a file from the local filesystem as the response body.

Arguments

  • path: string

    Path to the file on the local filesystem to be sent as the response body.

    If no content-type header has been set yet, the extension of the filename will be used to set the value of that header.

  • options: object (optional)

    An object with any of the following properties:

    • lastModified: boolean (optional)

      If set to true or if no last-modified header has been set yet and the value is not set to false the last-modified header will be set to the modification date of the file in milliseconds.

Returns the response object.

Examples

// Send the file "favicon.ico" from this service's folder
res.sendFile(module.context.fileName('favicon.ico'));

sendStatus

res.sendStatus(status): this

Sends a plaintext response for the given status code. The response status will be set to the given status code, the response body will be set to the status message corresponding to that status code.

Arguments

  • status: number | string

    Response status code to set.

    If the status code is a string it will be converted to a numeric status code using the statuses module first.

Returns the response object.

setHeader / set

res.setHeader(name, value): this

res.set(name, value): this

res.set(headers): this

Sets the value of the header with the given name.

Arguments

  • name: string

    Name of the header to set.

  • value: string

    Value to set the header to.

  • headers: object

    Header object mapping header names to values.

Returns the response object.

status

res.status(status): this

Sets the response status to the given status code.

Arguments

  • status: number | string

    Response status code to set.

    If the status code is a string it will be converted to a numeric status code using the statuses module first.

Returns the response object.

throw

res.throw(status, [reason], [options]): void

Throws an HTTP exception for the given status, which will be handled by Foxx to serve the appropriate JSON error response.

Arguments

  • status: number | string

    Response status code to set.

    If the status code is a string it will be converted to a numeric status code using the statuses module first.

    If the status code is in the 500-range (500-599), its stacktrace will always be logged as if it were an unhandled exception.

    If development mode is enabled, the error's stacktrace will be logged as a warning if the status code is in the 400-range (400-499) or as a regular message otherwise.

  • reason: string (optional)

    Message for the exception.

    If omitted, the status message corresponding to the status code will be used instead.

  • options: object (optional)

    An object with any of the following properties:

    • cause: Error (optional)

      Cause of the exception that will be logged as part of the error's stacktrace (recursively, if the exception also has a cause property and so on).

    • extra: object (optional)

      Additional properties that will be added to the error response body generated by Foxx.

      If development mode is enabled, an exception property will be added to this value containing the error message and a stacktrace property will be added containing an array with each line of the error's stacktrace.

If an error is passed instead of an options object it will be interpreted as the cause option. If no reason was provided the error's message will be used as the reason instead.

Returns nothing.

vary

res.vary(names): this

res.vary(...names): this

This method wraps the vary header manipulation method of the vary module for the current response.

The given names will be added to the response's vary header if not already present.

Returns the response object.

Examples

res.vary('user-agent');
res.vary('cookie');
res.vary('cookie'); // duplicates will be ignored

// -- or --

res.vary('user-agent', 'cookie');

// -- or --

res.vary(['user-agent', 'cookie']);

write

res.write(data): this

Appends the given data to the response body.

Arguments

  • data: string | Buffer

    Data to append.

    If the data is a buffer the response body will be converted to a buffer first.

    If the response body is a buffer the data will be converted to a buffer first.

    If the data is an object it will be converted to a JSON string first.

    If the data is any other non-string value it will be converted to a string first.

Returns the response object.