ArangoDB v3.12 is under development and not released yet. This documentation is not final and potentially incomplete.

Foxx Endpoints

Endpoints are returned by the use, all and HTTP verb (e.g. get, post) methods of routers as well as the use method of the service context. They can be used to attach metadata to mounted routes, middleware and child routers that affects how requests and responses are processed or provides API documentation.

Endpoints should only be used to invoke the following methods. Endpoint methods can be chained together (each method returns the endpoint itself).

endpoint.header(name, [schema], [description]): this

Defines a request header recognized by the endpoint. Any additional non-defined headers are treated as optional string values. The definitions is also shown in the route details in the API documentation.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router use this header definition unless overridden.

Arguments

  • name: string

    Name of the header. This should be considered case insensitive as all header names will be converted to lowercase.

  • schema: Schema (optional)

    A schema describing the format of the header value. This can be a joi schema or anything that has a compatible validate method.

    The value of this header is set to the value property of the validation result. A validation failure results in an automatic 400 (Bad Request) error response.

  • description: string (optional)

    A human-readable string that is shown in the API documentation.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.get(/* ... */)
.header('arangoVersion', joi.number().min(30000).default(30000));

pathParam

endpoint.pathParam(name, [schema], [description]): this

Defines a path parameter recognized by the endpoint. Path parameters are expected to be filled as part of the endpoint’s mount path. Any additional non-defined path parameters are treated as optional string values. The definitions are also shown in the route details in the API documentation.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router use this parameter definition unless overridden.

Arguments

  • name: string

    Name of the parameter.

  • schema: Schema (optional)

    A schema describing the format of the parameter. This can be a joi schema or anything that has a compatible validate method.

    The value of this parameter is set to the value property of the validation result. A validation failure results in the route failing to match and being ignored (resulting in a 404 (Not Found) error response if no other routes match).

  • description: string (optional)

    A human readable string that is shown in the API documentation.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.get('/some/:num/here', /* ... */)
.pathParam('num', joi.number().required());

queryParam

endpoint.queryParam(name, [schema], [description]): this

Defines a query parameter recognized by the endpoint. Any additional non-defined query parameters are treated as optional string values. The definitions are also shown in the route details in the API documentation.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router use this parameter definition unless overridden.

Arguments

  • name: string

    Name of the parameter.

  • schema: Schema (optional)

    A schema describing the format of the parameter. This can be a joi schema or anything that has a compatible validate method.

    The value of this parameter is set to the value property of the validation result. A validation failure results in an automatic 400 (Bad Request) error response.

  • description: string (optional)

    A human-readable string that is shown in the API documentation.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.get(/* ... */)
.queryParam('num', joi.number().required());

body

endpoint.body([model], [mimes], [description]): this

Defines the request body recognized by the endpoint. There can only be one request body definition per endpoint. The definition is also shown in the route details in the API documentation.

In the absence of a request body definition, the request object’s body property is initialized to the unprocessed rawBody buffer.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router use this body definition unless overridden. If the endpoint is a middleware, the request body is only parsed once (i.e. the MIME types of the route matching the same request is ignored but the body is still validated again).

Arguments

  • model: Model | Schema | null (optional)

    A model or joi schema describing the request body. A validation failure results in an automatic 400 (Bad Request) error response.

    If the value is a model with a fromClient method, that method is applied to the parsed request body.

    If the value is a schema or a model with a schema, the schema is used to validate the request body, and the value property of the validation result of the parsed request body is used instead of the parsed request body itself.

    If the value is a model or a schema and the MIME type has been omitted, the MIME type defaults to JSON instead.

    If the value is explicitly set to null, no request body is expected.

    If the value is an array containing exactly one model or schema, the request body is treated as an array of items matching that model or schema.

  • mimes: Array<string> (optional)

    An array of MIME types the route supports.

    Common non-mime aliases like “json” or “html” are also supported and are expanded to the appropriate MIME type (e.g. “application/json” and “text/html”).

    If the MIME type is recognized by Foxx, the request body is parsed into the appropriate structure before being validated. Only JSON, application/x-www-form-urlencoded, and multipart formats are supported in this way.

    If the MIME type indicated in the request headers does not match any of the supported MIME types, the first MIME type in the list is used instead.

    Failure to parse the request body results in an automatic 400 (Bad Request) error response.

  • description: string (optional)

    A human-readable string that is shown in the API documentation.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.post('/expects/some/json', /* ... */)
.body(
  joi.object().required(),
  'This implies JSON.'
);

router.post('/expects/nothing', /* ... */)
.body(null); // No body allowed

router.post('/expects/some/plaintext', /* ... */)
.body(['text/plain'], 'This body will be a string.');

response

endpoint.response([status], [model], [mimes], [description]): this

Defines a response body for the endpoint. When using the response object’s send method in the request handler of this route, the definition with the matching status code is used to generate the response body. The definitions are also shown in the route details in the API documentation.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router use this response definition unless overridden. If the endpoint is a middleware, this method has no effect.

Arguments

  • status: number | string (Default: 200 or 204)

    HTTP status code the response applies to. If a string is provided instead of a numeric status code, it is used to look up a numeric status code using the statuses  module.

  • model: Model | Schema | null (optional)

    A model or joi schema describing the response body.

    If the value is a model with a forClient method, that method is applied to the data passed to response.send within the route if the response status code matches (but also if no status code has been set).

    If the value is a schema or a model with a schema, the actual schema is not used to validate the response body and only serves to document the response in more detail in the API documentation.

    If the value is a model or a schema and the MIME type has been omitted, the MIME type defaults to JSON instead.

    If the value is explicitly set to null and the status code has been omitted, the status code defaults to 204 (“no content”) instead of 200.

    If the value is an array containing exactly one model or schema, the response body is an array of items matching that model or schema.

  • mimes: Array<string> (optional)

    An array of MIME types the route might respond with for this status code.

    Common non-mime aliases like “json” or “html” are also supported and are expanded to the appropriate MIME type (e.g. “application/json” and “text/html”).

    When using the response.send() method, the response body is converted to the appropriate MIME type if possible.

  • description: string (optional)

    A human-readable string that briefly describes the response and is shown in the endpoint’s detailed documentation.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

// This example only provides documentation
// and implies a generic JSON response body.
router.get(/* ... */)
.response(
  joi.array().items(joi.string()),
  'A list of doodad identifiers.'
);

// No response body is expected here.
router.delete(/* ... */)
.response(null, 'The doodad no longer exists.');

// An endpoint can define multiple response types
// for different status codes -- but never more than
// one for each status code.
router.post(/* ... */)
.response('found', 'The doodad is located elsewhere.')
.response(201, ['text/plain'], 'The doodad was created so here is a haiku.');

// Here, the response body is set to
// the querystring-encoded result of
// FormModel.forClient({some: 'data'})
// because the status code defaults to 200.
router.patch(function (req, res) {
  // ...
  res.send({some: 'data'});
})
.response(FormModel, ['application/x-www-form-urlencoded'], 'OMG.');

// In this case, the response body is set to
// SomeModel.forClient({some: 'data'}) because
// the status code has been set to 201 before.
router.put(function (req, res) {
  // ...
  res.status(201);
  res.send({some: 'data'});
})
.response(201, SomeModel, 'Something amazing happened.');

error

endpoint.error(status, [description]): this

Documents an error status for the endpoint.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router use this error description unless overridden. If the endpoint is a middleware, this method has no effect.

This method only affects the generated API documentation and has no other effect within the service itself.

Arguments

  • status: number | string

    HTTP status code for the error (e.g. 400 for “bad request”). If a string is provided instead of a numeric status code it is used to look up a numeric status code using the statuses  module.

  • description: string (optional)

    A human-readable string that briefly describes the error condition and is shown in the endpoint’s detailed documentation.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.get(function (req, res) {
  // ...
  res.throw(403, 'Validation error at x.y.z');
})
.error(403, 'Indicates that a validation has failed.');

summary

endpoint.summary(summary): this

Adds a short description to the endpoint’s API documentation.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router use this summary unless overridden. If the endpoint is a middleware, this method has no effect.

This method only affects the generated API documentation and has no other effect within the service itself.

Arguments

  • summary: string

    A human-readable string that briefly describes the endpoint and appears next to the endpoint’s path in the documentation.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.get(/* ... */)
.summary('List all discombobulated doodads')

description

endpoint.description(description): this

Adds a long description to the endpoint’s API documentation.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router use this description unless overridden. If the endpoint is a middleware, this method has no effect.

This method only affects the generated API documentation and has not other effect within the service itself.

Arguments

  • description: string

    A human-readable string that describes the endpoint in detail and will be shown in the endpoint’s detailed documentation.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

// The "dedent" library helps formatting
// multi-line strings by adjusting indentation
// and removing leading and trailing blank lines
const dd = require('dedent');
router.post(/* ... */)
.description(dd`
  This route discombobulates the doodads by
  frobnicating the moxie of the request body.
`)

deprecated

endpoint.deprecated([deprecated]): this

Marks the endpoint as deprecated.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router are also marked as deprecated. If the endpoint is a middleware, this method has no effect.

This method only affects the generated API documentation and has no other effect within the service itself.

Arguments

  • deprecated: boolean (Default: true)

    Whether the endpoint should be marked as deprecated. If set to false, the endpoint is explicitly marked as not deprecated.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.get(/* ... */)
.deprecated();

tag

endpoint.tag(...tags): this

Marks the endpoint with the given tags that are used to group related routes in the generated API documentation.

If the endpoint is a child router, all routes of that router are also marked with the tags. If the endpoint is a middleware, this method has no effect.

This method only affects the generated API documentation and has no other effect within the service itself.

Arguments

  • tags: string

    One or more strings that are used to group the endpoint’s routes.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.get(/* ... */)
.tag('auth', 'restricted');

securityScheme

endpoint.securityScheme(type, [options], [description])

Defines an OpenAPI security scheme for this endpoint.

This method only affects the generated API documentation and has no other effect within the service itself.

Arguments

  • type: string

    Type of the security scheme. Must be one of "basic", "apiKey" or "oauth2".

  • options: object

    An object with the following property:

    • id: string (optional)

      Unique identifier that can be used to opt in to or out of this scheme or to specify OAuth 2 scopes required by this endpoint.

    If type is set to "basic", this parameter is optional.

    If type is set to "apiKey", the following additional properties are required:

    • name: string

      The name of the header or query parameter that contains the API key.

    • in: string

      The location of the API key. Must be one of "header" or "query".

    If type is set to "oauth2", the following additional properties are required:

    • flow: string

      The OAuth 2 flow used by this security scheme. Must be one of "implicit", "password", "application" or "accessCode".

    • scopes: object

      The available scopes for this OAuth 2 security scheme as a mapping of scope names to descriptions.

    If flow is set to "implicit" or "accessCode", the following additional property is required:

    • authorizationUrl: string

      The authorization URL to be used for this OAuth 2 flow.

    If flow is set to "password", "application" or "accessCode", the following additional property is required:

    • tokenUrl: string

      The token URL to be used for this OAuth 2 flow.

  • description: string (optional)

    A human-readable string that describes the security scheme.

Returns the endpoint.

Examples

router.get(/* ... */)
.securityScheme('basic', 'Basic authentication with username and password.')
.securityScheme('apiKey', {name: 'x-api-key', in: 'header'},
  'API key as alternative to password-based authentication.'
);

security

endpoint.security(id, enabled)

Opts this endpoint in to or out of the security scheme with the given ID.

  • id: string

    Unique identifier of the security scheme. See endpoint.securityScheme.

  • enabled: boolean

    Whether the security scheme should be enabled or disabled for this endpoint. Security schemes are enabled for all child routes by default.

Examples

router.securityScheme('basic', {id: 'basic-auth'},
  'Basic authentication used by most endpoints on this router.'
);

router.get(/* ... */)
.security('basic-auth', false); // Opt this endpoint out

securityScope

endpoint.securityScope(id, ...scopes)

Defines OAuth 2 scopes required by this endpoint for security scheme with the given ID.

  • id: string

    Unique identifier of the security scheme. See endpoint.securityScheme.

  • scopes: Array<string>

    Names of OAuth 2 scopes required by this endpoint.

Examples

router.get(/* ... */)
.securityScheme('oauth2', {
  id: 'thebookface-oauth2',
  flow: 'implicit',
  authorizationUrl: 'https://thebookface.example/oauth2/authorization',
  scopes: {
    'profile:read': 'Read user profile',
    'profile:write': 'Modify user profile'
  }
}, 'OAuth 2 authentication for The Bookface.')
.securityScope('thebookface-oauth2', 'profile:read');