Remove Vertex

Deleting vertices with associated edges is currently not handled via AQL while the graph management interface and the REST API for the graph module offer a vertex deletion functionality. However, as shown in this example based on the knows_graph, a query for this use case can be created.

Example Graph

When deleting vertex eve from the graph, we also want the edges eve -> alice and eve -> bob to be removed. The involved graph and its only edge collection has to be known. In this case it is the graph knows_graph and the edge collection knows.

This query will delete eve with its adjacent edges:

Query:
LET edgeKeys = (FOR v, e IN 1..1 ANY 'persons/eve' GRAPH 'knows_graph' RETURN e._key)
LET r = (FOR key IN edgeKeys REMOVE key IN knows) 
REMOVE 'eve' IN persons

Query results:
[]

This query executed several actions:

  • use a graph traversal of depth 1 to get the _key of eve's adjacent edges
  • remove all of these edges from the knows collection
  • remove vertex eve from the persons collection

The following query shows a different design to achieve the same result:

Query:
LET edgeKeys = (FOR v, e IN 1..1 ANY 'persons/eve' GRAPH 'knows_graph'
          REMOVE e._key IN knows)
REMOVE 'eve' IN persons

Query results:
[]

Note: The query has to be adjusted to match a graph with multiple vertex/edge collections.

For example, the city graph contains several vertex collections - germanCity and frenchCity and several edge collections - french / german / international Highway.

Example Graph2

To delete city Berlin all edge collections french / german / international Highway have to be considered. The REMOVE operation has to be applied on all edge collections with OPTIONS { ignoreErrors: true }. Not using this option will stop the query whenever a non existing key should be removed in a collection.

Query:
LET edgeKeys = (FOR v, e IN 1..1 ANY 'germanCity/Berlin' GRAPH 'routeplanner' RETURN e._key)
LET r = (FOR key IN edgeKeys REMOVE key IN internationalHighway
      OPTIONS { ignoreErrors: true } REMOVE key IN germanHighway
      OPTIONS { ignoreErrors: true } REMOVE key IN frenchHighway
      OPTIONS { ignoreErrors: true }) 
REMOVE 'Berlin' IN germanCity

Query results:
[]